Silicon surface structuring is of importance in many fields: photovoltaics, electronics, chemical and biological sensors, batteries and many other applications. Silicon electrochemistry in molten salts offers an advantage in sustainable energy solutions, environmentally friendly and secure technologies with low carbon footprint and avoiding usage of toxic and harmful chemicals. The field is at early stages of research; it has good development perspectives. The work aims to create nano-micro-architectures of silicon, which effectively absorb the light and are promising in PV applications and hydrogen generation by photo splitting of water. Studies showed that silicon would remain dominating in the solar energy market at least for the next few decades. Electrochemical surface structuring is more cost-effective and relatively simplier when compared to physical methods. It has good commercialization perspectives.
For more information, please contact the theme supervisor E. Juzeliūnas