The Institute of Chemistry and Chemical technology of Lithuanian Academy of Sciences was founded in 1945. At the
beginning there were established three departments: Inorganic chemistry sector, Laboratory of construction materials and Organic technology department, which studied organic and mineral raw materials (peat, clay, etc.) as well as underground waters. Applied studies in order to find the best ways to use the natural resources of Lithuania were carried out.
Several decades (since1960) studies on the electrochemistry of metals and deposition of metallic coatings have been performed in the Institute of Chemistry.
The works performed by the electrochemists of scientific school of Academician J. Matulis advantageously combined scientific investigations with application of the results obtained in practice, therefore several dozens of metals and dielectrics surface treatment technologies were designed which are applied widely in industry. At that time the Institute coordinated scientific studies in the field of metal electrodeposition in the Eastern European countries.
After Lithuania had regained its independence and the status of the Institute had changed, the reform of the studies in the Institute was started in order that the Institute could take part in handling the problems of Lithuanian national economy as well as integrate into the international science system. At present it is the greatest chemical science institution in Lithuania.
In 1992 the Institute was given the name the Institute of Chemistry and the status of state scientific institute. In 2003 a new Statute of the Institute of Chemistry and its strategic activity plan were acknowledged.
The mission of the Institute is to develop chemical science and technologies with the purpose to increase the body of knowledge in the field of chemistry and related sciences as well as to apply the knowledge to enhance the quality of life. The Institute pursues the objectives of scientific competence assurace and maintenance in the field of chemical sciences. The scientific potential accumulated in the Institute allows performing scientific and applied orders of national economy as well as participating in international Science and Technology Exchange programs.
The main areas of research: studies of electrochemical, catalytic and sorption processes in solutions and their practical application; materials science and metal corrosion, environmental chemistry, the spectroelectrochemistry, synthesis and studies of organic compounds.
Scientific output: The workers of the Institute have published more than 4000 scientific publications, 9 scientific monographs, 40 collections of scientific papers, information editions. More than 200 Doctoral dissertations and 24 Habilitated Doctor’s dissertations have been prepared in the Institute of Chemistry. The Institute organizes international and national chemists conferences.
The scientific workers of the Institute were awarded three EUREKA prizes (in 1973, 1975, 1982) for the best inventions, Eugen Leuze Award (Germany) for the best publication (in 2000), two J. Matulis Awards of Lituanian Academy of Sciences (in 1996,1999), 10 Lithuanian National Science Awards (in 1971, 1975, 1977, 1982, 1983, 1989, 1994, 2000, 2003, 2007).