Innovations and Services

Investigations by the Textile Division of the FTMC

 

Qualitative and quantitative fiber composition (for all textile materials and all forms)

  • Melting temperature determination (according to ISO / TR 11827, page 7.6.2 (DSC test)).
  • Qualitative analysis of polymers (according to STP-7 (DSC study)).
  • Qualitative analysis of textile fibers (according to ISO / TR 11827, pp. 7.1.1, 7.2.1, 7.4 *).
  • Qualitative and quantitative fiber composition of 2-fiber blends ( EN ISO 1833 series standards:  EN ISO 1833-1, 4, 7, 11, 12 accredited) *. They are also available under Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council. Part 1 (accredited methods: mechanical separation, methods 8, 1, 11, 14) *.
  • Qualitative and quantitative fiber composition of 3-fiber blends (according to  EN ISO 1833-2 *). They are also available under Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council. 1007/2011 Part 1 Part 2 *.
  • Qualitative and quantitative fiber composition of 4 fiber blends (according to STP-3).
  • Qualitative and quantitative fiber composition (based on STP-4) of blends of 5 or more fibers.
  • Qualitative and quantitative fiber composition (according to STP-22) of mixtures of natural fibers that are mechanically and chemically inseparable.
  • Qualitative microscopic analysis of animal fibers (according to  EN ISO 17751-1 and  EN ISO 17751-2).

Determination of color fastness (for all types and all forms of textiles)

  • Color fastness to artificial light (according to  EN ISO 105 – B02 *) Irradiation up to 5 points and irradiation above 5 points.
  • Color fastness to water (according to  EN ISO 105-E01 *).
  • Color fastness to sea water (according to  EN ISO 105-E02).
  • Color fastness to chlorinated water (according to  EN ISO 105-E03).
  • Color fast to sweat (according to  EN ISO 105-E04 *).
  • Color fastness to water drops (according to  EN ISO 105-E07).
  • Color fastness to abrasion (according to  EN ISO 105-X12 *).
  • Color fastness to dry cleaning (according to  EN ISO 105 – D01 *).
  • Resistance to friction with organic solvents (according to  EN ISO 105-D02).
  • Color fastness to washing (according to  EN ISO 105 - C10,  EN ISO 105 - C06 * and  EN ISO 105 - C08).
  • Color fastness to industrial washing (according to  EN ISO 105-C12).
  • Color fastness to ironing (according to  EN ISO 105-X11).
  • Color fastness to hypochlorite bleaching (according to  EN 20105-N01).
  • Stain resistance to organic solvents (according to  EN ISO 105-X05).

Note on Tint Resistance Tests: Stain resistance may be assessed by agreement with the customer visually according to  EN 20105-A02 and EN 20105-A03or instrumental  EN ISO 105-A04 and  EN ISO 105-A05.

Chemical testing (for all types and all forms of textiles)

  • pH value (according to  EN ISO 3071 *).
  • Free formaldehyde content (aqueous extraction method) (according to  EN ISO 14184-1).
  • Quantification of non-fibrous matter (oils, fats, paraffin, etc.) (according to STP-5).

Physical tests (for fabrics, knitwear, nonwovens)

  • Surface Density:
    • for various materials (according to  EN 12127 *);
    • for fabrics only (according to  ISO 3801, p. 5 *);
    • for nonwovens (according to  EN 29073-1);
    • For rubber and plastic coated materials (according to  EN ISO 2286-2).
    • for various materials (according to  EN ISO 13934-1 * (strip method));
    • for various materials (according to  EN ISO 13934-2 (rag method));
    • for coated materials (according to  EN ISO 1421 *);
    • for nonwovens (according to  EN 29073-3).
    • for fabrics, nonwovens (according to  EN ISO 13937-1 (Elmendorf method),  EN ISO 13937-2 * (trouser shape)  EN ISO 13937-3 (wing shape),  EN ISO 13937-4 ( tongue shape) and  EN 1875-3 (trapezoidal shape);
    • non-woven fabrics coated (according to  EN ISO 9073-4: 2000);
    • for coated materials (according to  EN ISO 4674-1 *).
    • for various materials (according to  EN ISO 12947-2 * (before specimen decomposition));
    • for various materials (according to  EN ISO 12947-3 (Determination of mass loss));
    • for various materials (according to  EN ISO 12947-4 (change of appearance assessment));
    • for coated materials (according to  EN ISO 5470-2);
    • for furniture (according to  EN 14465, Annex A);
    • For socks (according to  EN 13770).
    • for coated materials (according to  EN ISO 7854).
  • Fabric longitudinal density (according to  ISO 3801, Methods 1 ÷ 4).
  • Determination of tissue width and length (according to  ISO 22198).
  • Length and width of textiles (according to  EN 1773).
  • Breaking properties (maximum force and elongation):
    • Seam strength (according to  EN ISO 13935-1 (strip method) and  EN ISO 13935-2 * (strip method)).
  • Tear force:
    • Punching strength (according to  EN ISO 13938-1).
    • Material tendency to pile and bud (according to  EN ISO 12945-2 (Martindale method)).
    • Resistance to budding and puffing (according to  EN ISO 12945-1 (Peeling box method)).
  • Resistance to abrasion:
    • Elasticity of materials (according to  EN 14704-1 (Tensioning method)).
    • Slip resistance of fabric threads (according to  EN ISO 13936-1 (defined seam opening) and  EN ISO 13936-2 (determined load)).
    • Wrinkle smoothing (roughness)  EN 22313).
  • Material Resistance to Folding (Folding Procedure Only):
    • Adhesive force (according to  EN ISO 2411).

Physical tests (for yarn, fiber)

  • Tear properties of yarn (according to  EN ISO 2062).
  • Thread twist (according to  EN ISO 2061).
  • Thread Density:
    • of fabrics (according to  EN 1049-2);
    • knitwear (according to  EN 14971).
  • Thread length:
    • from packaging (according to  EN ISO 2060);
    • of fabrics (according to ISO 7211-5);
    • from knitwear (according to  EN 14970).
  • Fiber diameter (microscopic examination):
    • for wool fibers (according to  EN ISO 137 (microscopic examination));
    • for man-made fibers (according to AATCC Test Method 20A, p. 14 (microscopic examination)).

Features related to physiological comfort

  • Hygroscopicity (according to STP-8).
  • Absorption (according to ISO 18696).
  • Duration of absorption for towels (according to  EN 14697, Annex B).
  • Surface wobble resistance (according to  EN ISO 4920).
  • Resistance to water penetration:
    • for various materials (according to  EN ISO 811 *);
    • for coated materials (according to ISO 1420).
  • Water repellency of materials (according to  EN 29865 (Bundesman rain test)).
  • Air permeability (according to  EN ISO 9237 *).
  • Thermal resistance (according to  EN ISO 11092 *).
  • Steam resistance (according to  EN ISO 11092).
  • Water vapor permeability (cup method) (according to STP-1).
  • Moisture transport properties (according to AATCC 195).

Dimensional stability

  • Dimensional change after washing and drying (after 1 wash cycle) (according to  EN ISO 5077 * (Washing and drying procedures - according to  EN ISO 6330 *)).
  • Product appearance evaluation after 1 wash (according to STP-2 (Washing and drying procedures - according to  EN ISO 6330: 2012 *), Rating - by agreement.
  • Bias after 1 wash:
    1. for knitwear (according to ISO 16322-1);
    2. for materials (according to ISO 16322-2);
    3. for products (according to ISO 16322-3).
  • Washing and Drying Procedure (Separate or Optional):
    • 1 cycle (according to  EN ISO 6330 *);
    • 2 ÷ 3 cycles (according to  EN ISO 6330 *);
    • 4 ÷ 5 cycles (according to  EN ISO 6330 *);
    • 10 ÷ 15 cycles (according to  EN ISO 6330 *);
    • 20 ÷ 25 cycles (according to  EN ISO 6330 *);
    • 30 cycles (according to  EN ISO 6330 *);
    • 50 cycles (according to  EN ISO 6330 *).

Flammability properties, heat resistance

  • Flammability of children's nightwear (according to  EN 14878).
  • Setting the ignition rate (without treatment) (according to  EN ISO 6940).
  • Ignition setting (low flame) (no treatment):
    • curtains and uphoery (according to  EN 1101).
  • Flame spread detection (no treatment):
    • curtains and uphoery (according to  EN 1102).
  • Limited flame spread:
    • protective clothing (according to  EN ISO 15025 *);
    • For multilayer packages (according to  EN ISO 15025 *);
    • For accessories (according to  EN ISO 15025 *).
  • Determination of the flammability of garments (without treatment) (according to  EN 1103).
  • Flame spread properties (without treatment) (according to  EN ISO 6941).
  • Heat resistance (without treatment):
    • for materials (according to ISO 17493);
    • for accessories (according to ISO 17493).

Electrostatic properties of protective clothing

  • Specific surface resistance (without treatment) (according to  EN 1149-1 *).
  • Perpendicular resistance (no machining) (according to  EN 1149-2).
  • Shielding factor and half-life (without treatment) (according to  EN 1149-3, method 2).

Measurement of surface color

  • Surface color measurement: CIE color coordinates, CIE 3D color coordinates, Color space variables (according to  EN ISO 105-J01 *).
  • Determination of color differences (ΔECMC, ΔE * ab) (according to  EN ISO 105-J03 *).
  • Characteristics of fluorescent materials (for highly visible protective clothing):
    • CIE color coordinates x, y; Luminance factor (according to CIE 15 ( EN ISO 105-J01 *);
    • Irradiation (according to  EN ISO 20471: 2013, p. 5.2) (in accordance with  EN ISO 105-B02 *).
  • Spectral reflectance R in the near IR range (according to STP-21).
  • Degree of whiteness (according to  EN ISO 105 – J02).

Other tests

  • Oil repellent only for flat materials (according to  EN ISO 14419).
  • UV protection factor (UPF) (according to  EN 13758-1 + A1).
  • Determination of material thickness (according to  EN ISO 5084).
  • Determination of Ballistic Resistance of Personal Body Armor (bullet proof vest, ballistic panels, plates) NIJ Standard – 0101.04. 

NOTES:
1) "*" means studies included in the scope of accreditation.

2) "STP" means a test method developed in house. 

Scope of conformity assessment of protective clothing 

Type of protective clothing

Standard applied

Well-visible outfit

EN ISO 20471

Protective clothing, worn during welding and similar processes

EN ISO 11611

Protective clothing, against heat and flames

EN ISO 11612

Protective clothing against dissipative electrostatic load

EN 1149-5

Protective clothing against rain

EN 343

 

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Karolis Stašys

Innovation Manager / Inovacijų vadybininkas

Tel.: +370 629 85166
El.p.: karolis.stasys@ftmc.lt