Department of Environmental Research

Head of department dr. Steigvilė Byčenkienė
phone +370 5 264 1954, +370 682 62087


The Department of Environmental research focuses on challenge-oriented approach and solutions that bring together natural sciences, which underpin the understanding, development and application of technologies to deliver a sustainable future. The main focus is directed to the research of chemical compositions of non-refractory submicron aerosol particles using mass-spectrometry methods, the processes that control aerosol formation and evolution, as well as impacts of the changing atmospheric composition on air quality, human health, climate change and ecosystems.
The department of Environmental Research is also involved in creating and developing methods, experimental means and technologies for monitoring changes of climate and ecosystems as well as for creating safer and healthy environment. The Department is actively engaged in a wide range of topics covering the role and importance of aerosol science across a wide range of applied fields. By conducting fundamental and applied research, we work on long-term solutions for major challenges facing science, society and industry. The research studies aims to explore the developments in experimental techniques for aerosol studies with the ultimate goal of promoting development towards modern environmental-friendly technologies suitable in the vicinity of nuclear facilities and environmental science technologies based on radionuclide methods.


To develop and improve principles, means and technologies of the environment quality evaluation and to ensure the scientific competence in the field of the environmental physics and chemistry, environment contamination and climate changes.


  • Development of technologies and equipment for the environment protection quality control as well as methods and experimental basis in the environmental research, investigation of micro-admixture dynamics and balance in the environment components as well as for the characterization of the impact of the environment contamination on the climate change.
  • Evaluation of efficient instrumentation and assessment methods for characterization of the impact of industry, transport and consumer sector on the environment quality by combining of spectrometry methods of the aerosol particle mass and sizes as well as the investigation of physical-chemical aspects of the aerosol particle formation. 

Environmental Physics and Chemistry Laboratory
Aerosol chemical speciation monitor ACSM  
Scanning mobility particle sizer TSI 3936 (SMPS)
Sub-micrometer particle sizer (SMPS)
Aerosol generator TSI 3076
Aerodynamic aerosol spectrometer (APS) TSI 3321 
Electrospray aerosol generator TSI 3480
Condensational aerosol counter CPC UF-02
Aethalometer (Magee Scientific) EA31 7
Integrating Nephelometer TSI 3563

Portable industrial combustion and

emission analyser Eurotron GreenLine 8000
Air Flow Calibrator Gilibrator-2  
Mass Flowmeter TSI 4040
Spectrophotometer SPECORD 210 PLUS
Ion chromatograph DIONEX 2010i
Ozone analyser O341M

Atmospheric Pollution Research Laboratory

Aerosol Mass Spectrometer, AMS
Inductive Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer, ICP-MS
Atomic Absorption Spectrometer Zeeman – 3030, AAS

Atomic Absorption Mercury Vapor Analyzer, GARDIS – 5 (Developed by FTMC, Department of Environmental Research)

Mercury Vapor Dosimeter, GA – 730 (Developed by FTMC, Department of Environmental Research)

Automated Aerosol Particle Analyzer, FH62-IR
Specific Purpose Automatic Metrological Station, SPAMS
Radiochemistry Laboratory

Water purification systems:

  • Milli-Q Synthesis A10
  • Elix 3       

Millipore centrifuges:

  • Sigma 4-15
  • Eppendorf 5804
pH meter WTW 450
Analyzer inolab/Multi Level 1 WTW
Millipore membrane filtration unit with a 240 mm holder
Gamma-ray spectrometer (relative efficacy - 42%, resolution - 9.1 keV/1:33 Mev, Genie 2000 software, alpha spectrometers, low background alpha-beta counter (Emberline FHT 770 T MULTI-LEVEL LOW-COUNTER)
High pressure liquid chromatograph Milichrom
  • 2014-2020 Operational Programme for the European Union Funds Invesments in Lithuania European Social Fund Cohesion, priority axis 1, straingthening research and development and inovation, Competence Center for the Development and Design of Innovative Environmentally Friendly Facilities, VGTU, 2020.04.20 - 2023.04.30, project part leader dr. S. Byčenkienė

  • Research Council of Lithuania Researcher groups projects "Contribution of outdoor air pollution to indoor air quality and inhaled deposited dose", 150 000 Eur, 2020.03.10 - 2022.12.31, project leader dr. S. Byčenkienė

  • COST CA Action DAMOCLES "Understanding and modeling compound climate and weather events“, Nr. CA17109, 2018.09.14. – 2022.09.13, project part leader dr. S. Byčenkienė.

  • COST CA Action project COLOSSAL „Chemical OnLine cOmpoSition and Source Apportionment of fine aerosoL“, Nr. CA16109, 2017.03.03 – 2021.03.02, project part leader dr. V. Ulevičius
  • “Assessment of atmospheric pollution emissions and forecast as well as assessment of anthropogenic pollution levels and critical loads of ecosystems”, 2016.12.28 – 2018.12.18, Environmental Protection Agency, 70 000 EUR, project leader dr. V. Ulevičius.
  • „Assessment of transboundary air pollution from other countries impact on overall Lithuanian air basin pollution levels“ No. 28TP-2016-99, Environmental protection agency, 2017 – 2019, project leader dr. D. Jasinevičienė.
  • National Research Programme “Sustainability of agro-, forest and water ecosystems” project FOREstRESS “Integrated effect of climate and other environmental stresses on forest capacity to adapt to and mitigate the main threats of global changes” No. SIT-3/2015 (2100-P298), (2015 - 2018), Research Council of Lithuania, 72 105 EUR, project part leader dr. V. Ulevičius.
Most important publications
  1. Garbarienė, Inga; Dudoitis, Vadimas; Ulevičius, Vidmantas; Plauškaitė-Šukienė, Kristina; Kilikevičius, Artūras; Matijošius, Jonas; Rimkus, Alfredas; Kilikevičienė, Kristina; Vainorius, Darius; Maknickas, Algirdas; Borodinas, Sergejus; Byčenkienė, Steigvilė. Application of acoustic agglomeration technology to improve the removal of submicron particles from vehicle exhaust. Symmetry. ISSN 2073-8994. 2021, vol. 13, iss. 7, art. no. 1200, p. 1-15.
  2. Cuesta-Mosquera, Andrea; Močnik, Griša; Drinovec, Luka; Müller, Thomas; Pfeifer, Sascha; Cruz Minguillón, María; Briel, Björn; Buckley, Paul; Dudoitis, Vadimas; Fernández-García, Javier; Fernández-Amado, María; Ferreira De Brito, Joel; Riffault, Veronique; Flentje, Harald; Heffernan, Eimear; Kalivitis, Nikolaos; Kalogridis, Athina-Cerise; Keernik, Hannes; Marmureanu, Luminita; Luoma, Krista; Marinoni, Angela; Pikridas, Michael; Schauer, Gerhard; Serfozo, Norbert; Servomaa, Henri; Titos, Gloria; Yus-Díez, Jesús; Zioła, Natalia; Wiedensohler, Alfred. Intercomparison and characterization of 23 Aethalometers under laboratory and ambient air conditions: procedures and unit-to-unit variabilities. Atmospheric measurement techniques. ISSN 1867-1381. 2021, vol. 14, iss. 4, p. 3195-3216.
  3. Davulienė, Lina; Jasinevičienė, Dalia; Garbarienė, Inga; Andriejauskienė, Jelena; Ulevičius, Vidmantas; Byčenkienė, Steigvilė. Long-term air pollution trend analysis in the South-eastern Baltic region,1981–2017. Atmospheric research. ISSN 0169-8095. 2021, vol. 247, art. no. 105191, p. 1-14.
  4. Garbarienė, I.; Garbaras, A.; Masalaite, A.; Ceburnis, D.; Krugly, E.; Kauneliene, V.; Remeikis, V.; Martuzevicius, D. Identification of wintertime carbonaceous fine particulate matter (PM2.5) sources in Kaunas, Lithuania using polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and stable carbon isotope analysis. Atmospheric Environment. ISSN 1352-2310. 2020, Vol. 237, art. no. 117673, p. 1-9.
  5. Davulienė, Lina; Šakalys, Jonas; Dudoitis, Vadimas; Reklaitė, Agnė; Ulevičius, Vidmantas. Long-term black carbon variation in the South-Eastern Baltic Region in 2008–2015. Atmospheric pollution research. ISSN 1309-1042. 2019, vol. 10, iss. 1, p. 123-133.
  6. Araminienė, Valda; Sicard, Pierre; Anav, Alessandro; Agathokleous, Evgenios; Stakėnas, Vidas; De Marco, Alessandra; Varnagirytė-Kabašinskienė, Iveta; Paoletti, Elena; Girgždienė, Raselė. Trends and inter-relationships of ground-level ozone metrics and forest health in Lithuania. Science of the total environment.ISSN 0048-9697. 2019, vol. 658, p. 1265-1277.
  7. Baumgarten, Manuela; Hesse, Benjamin D; Augustaitienė, Ingrida; Marozas, Vitas; Mozgeris, Gintautas; Byčenkienė, Steigvilė; Mordas, Genrik; Pivoras, Ainis; Pivoras, Gintaras; Juonytė, Diana; Ulevičius, Vidmantas; Augustaitis, Algirdas; Matyssek, Rainer. Responses of species-specific sap flux, transpiration and water use efficiency of pine, spruce and birch trees to temporarily moderate dry periods in mixed forests at a dry and wet forest site in the hemi-boreal zone. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology. ISSN 0021-8588. 2019, vol. 75, iss. 1, p. 13-29.
  8. Uogintė, Ieva; Lujanienė, Galina; Mažeika, Kęstutis. Study of Cu (II), Co (II), Ni (II) and Pb (II) removal from aqueous solutions using magnetic Prussian blue nano-sorbent. Journal of hazardous materials. ISSN 0304-3894. 2019, vol. 369, p. 226-235.
  9. Marozas, Vitas; Augustaitis, Algirdas; Pivoras, Ainis; Baumgarten, Manuela; Mozgeris, Gintautas; Sasnauskienė, Jurgita; Dautartė, Anželika; Abraitienė, Jolita; Byčenkienė, Steigvilė; Mordas, Genrik; Ulevičius, Vidmantas; Rainer, Matyssek. Comparative analyses of gas exchange characteristics and chlorophyll fluorescence of three dominant tree species during the vegetation season in hemi-boreal zone, Lithuania. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology. ISSN 0021-8588. 2019, vol. 75, iss. 1, p. 3-12.
  10. Pauraitė, Julija; Pivoras, Ainis; Plauškaitė-Šukienė, Kristina; Byčenkienė, Steigvilė; Mordas, Genrik; Augustaitis, Algirdas; Marozas, Vitas; Mozgeris, Gintautas; Baumgarten, Manuela; Matyssek, Rainer; Ulevičius, Vidmantas. Characterization of aerosol mass spectra responses to temperature over a forest site in Lithuania. Journal of aerosol science. ISSN 0021-8502. 2019, vol. 133, p. 56-65.
  11. Mozgeris, Gintautas; Brukas, Vilis; Pivoriūnas, Nerijus; Činga, Gintautas; Makrickienė, Ekaterina; Byčenkienė, Steigvilė; Marozas, Vitas; Mikalajūnas, Marius; Dudoitis, Vadimas; Ulevičius, Vidmantas; Augustaitis, Algirdas. Spatial pattern of climate change effects on Lithuanian forestry. Forests. ISSN 1999-4907. 2019, vol.10, iss. 9, art. no. 809, p. 1-28.
  12. Algirdas Augustaitis, Ingrida Augustaitienė, Manuela Baugarten, Steigvilė Byčenkienė, Raselė Girgždienė, Gintaras Kulbokas, Edgaras Linkevičius, Vitas Marozas, Marius Mikalajūnas, Genrik Mordas, Gintautas Mozgeris, Edmundas Petrauskas, Ainis Pivoras, Giedrius Šidlauskas, Vidmantas Ulevičius, Adomas Vitas, Rainer Matyssek. Tree-ring formation as an indicator of forest capacity to adapt to the main threats of environmental changes in Lithuania. Science of the total environment. ISSN 0048-9697. 2018, vol. 615, p. 1247-1261.
  13. Nijolė Remeikaitė-Nikienė, Galina Garnaga-Budrė, Galina Lujanienė, Kęstutis Jokšas, Algirdas Stankevičius, Vitalijus Malejevas, Rūta Barisevičiūtė. Distribution of metals and extent of contamination in sediments from the south-eastern Baltic Sea (Lithuanian zone). Oceanologia. Sopotas : Elsevier. ISSN 0078-3234. 2018, vol. 60, no. 2, p. 193-206.
  14. Marco Pandolfi, Lucas Alados-Arboledas, Andrés Alastuey, Marcos Andrade, Christo Angelov, Begoña Artiñano, John Backman, Urs Baltensperger, Paolo Bonasoni, Nicolas Bukowiecki, Martine Collaud Coen, Sébastien Conil, Esther Coz, Vincent Crenn, Vadimas Dudoitis, Marina Ealo, Kostas Eleftheriadis, Olivier Favez, Prodromos Fetfatzis, Fiebig Markus, Harald Flentje, Patrick Ginot, Martin Gysel, Bas Henzing, Andras Hoffer, Adela Holubova Smejkalova, Ivo Kalapov, Nikos Kalivitis, Giorgos Kouvarakis, Adam Kristensson, Markku Kulmala, Heikki Lihavainen, Chris Lunder, Krista Luoma, Hassan Lyamani, Angela Marinoni, Nikos Mihalopoulos, Marcel Moerman, José Nicolas, Colin O'Dowd, Tuukka Petäjä, Jean-Eudes Petit, Jean Marc Pichon, Nina Prokopčiuk, Jean-Philippe Putaud, Sergio Rodríguez, Jean Sciare, Karine Sellegri, Erik Swietlicki, Gloria Titos, Thomas Tuch, Peter Tunved, Vidmantas Ulevičius, Aditya Vaishya, Milan Vana, Aki Virkkula, Stergios Vratolis, Ernest Weingartner, Alfred Wiedensohler, Paolo Laj. A European aerosol phenomenology - 6: scattering properties of atmospheric aerosol particles from 28 ACTRIS sites. Atmospheric chemistry and physics. ISSN 1680-7316. 2018, vol. 18, p. 7877-7911.
  15. Julija Pauraitė, Kristina Plauškaitė-Šukienė, Vadimas Dudoitis, Vidmantas Ulevičius. Relationship between the optical properties and chemical composition of urban aerosol particles in Lithuania. Advances in meteorology. ISSN 1687-9309. 2018, vol. 2018, art. no. 8674173, p. 1-10.
  16. Tuomo Nieminen, Veli-Matti Kerminen, Tuukka Petäjä, Pasi P. Aalto, Mikhail Arshinov, Eija Asmi, Urs Baltensperger, David C. S. Beddows, Johan Paul Beukes, Don Collins, Aijun Ding, Roy M. Harrison, Bas Henzing, Rakesh Hooda, Min Hu, Urmas Hõrrak, Niku Kivekäs, Kaupo Komsaare, Radovan Krejci, Adam Kristensson, Lauri Laakso, Ari Laaksonen, W. Richard Leaitch, Heikki Lihavainen, Nikolaos Mihalopoulos, Zoltán Németh, Wei Nie, Colin O’Dowd, Imre Salma, Karine Sellegri, Birgitta Svenningsson, Erik Swietlicki, Peter Tunved, Vidmantas Ulevičius, Ville Vakkari, Marko Vana, Alfred Wiedensohler, Zhijun Wu, Annele Virtanen, Markku Kulmala. Global analysis of continental boundary layer new particle formation based on long-term measurements. Atmospheric chemistry and physics. ISSN 1680-7316. 2018, vol. 18, p. 14737-14756.
  17. Galina Lujanienė, H.-C. Li, Jonas Mažeika, Ričardas Paškauskas, Nijolė Remeikaitė-Nikienė, Galina Garnaga-Budrė, Loreta Levinskaitė, Kęstutis Jokšas, Dovilė Bugailiškytė, Sergej Šemčuk, Audrius Kačergius, Algirdas Stankevičius, Vitalijus Stirbys, P.P. Povinec. Carbon isotopes as tracers of organic and inorganic carbon in Baltic Sea sediments. Radiocarbon. ISSN 0033-8222. 2018, vol. 60, no. 5, p. 1493-1505.
  18. Steigvilė Byčenkienė, Dalia Jasinevičienė, Donatas Perkauskas. Overview of air pollution assessment in Northern Europe (Lithuania) by passive diffusion sampling. Advances in meteorology. ISSN 1687-9309. 2018, vol. 2018, art. no. 7529043, p. 1-11.