Department of Functional Materials and Electronics

Head of department prof., dr. (HP) Nerija Žurauskienė
phone +370 5 261 9532prof., dr. habil. proc. Nerija Žurauskienė

To develop for public and business needs the scientific and technological base for R&D in materials engineering, electrical engineering and electronics area. To carry out the new perspective techniques for using of strong magnetic and electric fields in  material science, biology, biochemistry, environmental and other fields of research and implementation of obtained scientific results. Department seeks to continuously improve their workers' skills and cultivate young scientists and other researchers relief.

The main research&development areas:

  • Thin layers of new materials and multilayer structures for spintronics and fast electronics;
  • simulation of phase transformations and self-organization phenomena in ferromagnetics and metal and organic molecules, high-speed electrical switching;
  • phase changes in thin high-temperature superconductors layers initiated by light and electric field;
  • influence of strong electric and magnetic fields on the properties of materials;
  • electrodynamics processes in the electromagnetic launchers;
  • production and research of multi-purpose magnetic field, pulse pressure sensors, high-speed current limiters and a strong magnetic field sources;
  • development of electroporation systems of biological objects;
  • development of frequency converters for control of AC electric motors.


CMR-B-scalar sensors module for high pulse magnetic field measurement


  • CMR-B-scalar sensor based on polycrystalline (La-Sr-Mn-O) films and colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) effect;
  • It is able to measure a magnetic induction of up to 40 T independently on its direction;
  • The sensor active volume is 400 μm × 50 μm × 0.4 μm;
  • Sampling rate 0.73 MSa/s;
  • Remotely controlled from PC;
  • Optical data transfer line;
  • 2 D and 3D sensors array possibilities.




Commercial CMR-B-scalar magnetic field meter

Pulse magnetic field measurement in to electric power systems and high efficiency electromotors.


  • It is able to measure a magnetic induction in the (0,2 - 5) T range independently on its direction.
  • Frequency range up to 10 kHz;
  • Sampling rate 2 MSa/s;
  • Data storage possibility in to SD card.

Magnetic field sensors includes:

1) CMR-B-scalar sensor;

2) Pt-1000 temperature sensor. 

Magnetic field meter

Magnetic field sensors

Magnetic field meter




  • Microbial transformation;
  • Mammalian cell transfection;
  • Protein transfection;
  • Enhance extraction of cell proteins;
  • Microbial decontamination.


  • Enhance drug delivery to cancer and pathological cells or organism;
  • Induction of local intracellular signal;
  • Induction of cell migration.


  • Pulse rise time – 100 ns;
  • Pulse fall time– 300 ns;
  • Pulse duration – 3 μs ÷ 10 ms;
  • Pulse amplitude – 100 ÷ 4000 V;
  • Single and repetitive signals generation.

Frequency converter

Purpose – speed and torque control of AC induction motors.
Frequency converter is introduced in serial production in JSC “Tamona”.

  • Motor power – up to 4kW.
  • Supply – three-phase 50/60Hz, 400V.
  • Output voltage frequency – adjustable, (0–100) Hz.
  • Adjusting of speed (output voltage frequency) – by hand, using keyboard; automatic in feedback control system.

Nanosecond pulse generation and recording system for conductivity investigations of thin films
Nanosecond pulse generation and recording systemconsists of ns pulse generator (pulse length 5-900 ns, rise time 0.5 ns, max. Amplitude 2 kV), closed cycle helium gas cryocooler which ensures measurements in the temperature range (4.2-320)±0.01 K, 50 W impedance 10 GHz bandwidth transmission line, 30 ps pulse duration laser and 6 GHz Tektronix or 16 GHz Tektronix  real-time oscilloscopes.



Setup for measurements of conductivity in permanent magnetic field in wide temperature range
Setup for measurements of conductivity of films in permanent magnetic field up to 0.9 T in the temperature range 4.2-320 K. It consists of closed cycle helium gas cryocooler and electromagnet with programmable power supply (Agilent Technologies N5769A). The measurements are automated by using „LabView“ software. There are two programmes: one for automated measurement of conductivity dependence on temperature; the other one for measurement of conductivity dependence on magnetic field.


Setup for measurements of conductivity in permanent magnetic field
Setup for investigations of electrical conductivity up to magnetic field B = 2.4 T in the temperature range 270-350 K. It consists of two parts. Temperature stabilization is made by using Peltier element.  Electromagnet with programmable power supply (Delta Elektronika SM 120-50), gaussmeter, multimeter (Agilent 34411A) and PC with special code for voltage, current and resistance change measuring in magnetic field. In this case the electromagnet has exchangeable poles which surface area could be changed from 490 cm2 up to 20 cm2 and a distance between them from 10 cm up to 1 cm. Therefore, homogeneous magnetic field could be created between the poles.


Compact high magnetic field source
Compact high magnetic field source (pulse duration 0,5-1 ms, B up to 40 T) consists of capacitor bank high power switch and a pulsed coil. Discharging capacitor bank through pulsed coil a high magnetic pulse can be generated. Coil winding is insulated with Kapton® and reinforced by Zylon®-epoxy resin composite. Such construction allows to generate pulsed magnetic fields up to 40 T, 0,5-1 ms of half sinus shape pulses. Such facility is unique in Lithuania allowing to investigate materials in high pulsed magnetic field.


Electroporation of biological cells
It is two types of electroporation setups. First setup for electroporation of biological cells consists equipment for generation and registration of nanosecond-pulses. It allows generation of pulses with the amplitude of 2 kV and the duration of 15 ns - 1 μs.
The second setup for generation of high-voltage (up to 30 kV) 10-90 ns-duration pulses which is realized using a spark-gap discharge triggered by high-power subnanosecond (Standa, STA-01)laser.


Modified Pulsed Liquid Injection Metal Organic Chemical Vapour Deposition (PI MOCVD) for the preparation of manganite films.


System for Pulsed Laser Deposition
Complete Pulsed Laser Deposition  System with Pulsed Excimer Laser (Twente Solid State Technology, The Netherlands) is a state-of-the-art, multifunctional vacuum evaporation system optimized for a wide range deposition of materials of electronics, magneto- and optoelectronic  such as multicomponent ferromagnetic, ferroelectric, and dielectric metal oxides. System can be used for the production of thin epitaxial layers, heterosurfaces, and various multilayer structures and nanostructures.


Specialized technological equipment for deposition of thin films and multilayers

  • Working pressure in the deposition chamber varies from the residual gas pressure (5X10-7 Torr) up to 1 Torr
  • Planar RF/DC magnetron sputtering guns (magnetrons) with shutters 2” diameter  – 2 units, 1” diameter  – 1 unit
  • 3 or more thermal evaporation sources with power supplies
  • Computer control of all systems.


Motorized Spin Disc 3D Fluorescence Microscopy System
It is unique and less expensive than traditional confocal fluorescence microscopy (KFM) system. Although its resolution is comparable to confocal microscopy, the major advantage of the system is the rapid (about 100 times faster than KFM) imaging of processes in animal cells and the reconstruction of the three-dimensional image of the cell. The Revolution DSD (Andor, USA) rotating disk system consists of inverted fluorescence microscope (Nicon, Japan) software, video camera, specialized lenses, motorized filter cube set, differential interference contrast optical elements, motorized condensers  and control panel.


Specialised test bench for the investigation of frequency converter characteristics
The test bench is used for testing and investigation of frequency converters depending on frequency, load and other conditions.

HIL (Hardware in the Loop) hardware for the computer
The equipment is used to model control systems where one part of the system is real and the other part is virtual, represented by a mathematical model on a computer.
  • Smart membranes for electrochemical devices, supported by Lithuanian Research Council No 01.2.2-LMT-K-718-01-0063 (2018-2021)
  • Graphene-Manganite Nanostructures for Novel Pulsed Magnetic Field Sensors (GRAMAS), supported by Research Executive Agency (REA), delegated by the European Commission, Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions, Horizon 2020, Project No 751905 (2017-2019)

  • Fast magnetoresistive processes in nanostructured manganite film sensors used for monitoring of electromagnetic forming, supported by Lithuanian Science Council, Project No P-MIP-17-470 (2018-2020)
Most important publications
  1. Megha Deshmukh, Raimonda Celiešiūtė, Almira Ramanavičienė, Mahendra Shirsat, Arūnas Ramanavičius. EDTA_PANI/SWCNTs nanocomposite modified electrode for electrochemical determination of copper (II), lead (II) and mercury (II) ions. Electrochimica acta. ISSN 0013-4686. 2018, vol. 259, p. 930-938.
  2. Gintautas Bagdžiūnas, Šarūnas Žukauskas, Arūnas Ramanavičius. Insights into a hole transfer mechanism between glucose oxidase and a p-type organic semiconductor. Biosensors and bioelectronics. ISSN 0956-5663. 2018, vol. 102, p. 449-455.
  3. Bezuglyi Mykola, Khrystyna Ivaniuk, Dmytro Volyniuk, Juozas Vidas Gražulevičius, Gintautas Bagdžiūnas. An approach to discovering novel exciplex supramolecular complex based on carbazole-containing 1,8-naphthalimide. Dyes and pigments. ISSN 0143-7208. 2018, vol. 149, p. 298-305.
  4. Megha Deshmukh, Harshada K. Patil, Gajanan A. Bodkhe, Mikito Yasuzawa, Pankaj Koinkar, Arūnas Ramanavičius, Sadhna Pandey, Mahendra D. Shirsat. DA modified PANI/SWNTs nanocomposite for determination of Ni(II) metal ions. Colloids and surfaces : A-physicochemical and engineering aspects. ISSN 0927-7757. 2018, vol. 537, p. 303-309.
  5. Mantas Šimėnas, Jūras Banys, Evaldas Tornau,. Screening of point defects in methylammonium lead halides: a Monte Carlo study. Journal of materials chemistry C. 2018, vol. 6, iss. 6, pp. 1487-1494. ISSN 2050-7526.
  6. Andrius Ibenskas, Mantas Šimėnas, Evaldas Tornau. Multiorientation model for planar ordering of trimesic acid molecules. Journal of physical chemistry. C. 2018, vol. 122, iss.13, p. 7344-7352. ISSN 1932-7447.
  7. Tianji Ma, Paulius Gaigalas, Mathilde Lepoitevin, Ieva Plikusienė, Mikhael Bechelany, Jean-Marc Janot, Emmanuel Balanzat, Sebastien Balme. Impact of polyelectrolyte multilayers on the ionic current rectification of conical nanopores. Langmuir. ISSN 0743-7463. 2018, vol. 34, p. 3405-3412.
  8. Zigmas Balevičius, Ričardas Leščinskas, Raimonda Celiešiūtė, Arūnas Stirkė, Saulius Balevičius, Skirmantas Keršulis, Vytautas Bleizgys, Rūta Maciulevičienė, Arūnas Ramanavičius, Nerija Žurauskienė. Compact high-sensitivity potentiometer for detection of low ion concentrations in liquids. Review of scientific instruments. ISSN 0034-6748. 2018, vol. 89, no. 4, 044704, p. 1-5.
  9. Eivydas Andriukonis, Arūnas Stirkė, Andrius Garbaras, Lina Mikoliūnaitė, Almira Ramanavičienė, Vidmantas Remeikis, Barry Thornton, Arūnas Ramanavičius. Yeast-assisted synthesis of polypyrrole: Quantification and influence on the mechanical properties of the cell wall. Colloids and surfaces B: Biointerfaces. ISSN 0927-7765. 2018, vol. 164, p. 224-231.
  10. Oleksandr Bezvikonnyi, Dalius Gudeika, Dmytro Volyniuk, Juozas V.Grazulevicius, Gintautas Bagdžiūnas. Pyrenyl substituted 1,8-naphthalimide as a new material for weak efficiency-roll-off red OLEDs: a theoretical and experimental study. New journal of chemistry. ISSN 1144-0546. 2018, vol. 42, iss. 15, p. 12492-12502.
  11. Povilas Virbickas, Aušra Valiūnienė, Arūnas Ramanavičius. Towards electrochromic ammonium ion sensors. Electrochemistry communications. ISSN 1388-2481. 2018, vol. 94, no 1, p. 41-44.
  12. Nerija Žurauskienė, Saulius Balevičius, Voitech Stankevič, Skirmantas Keršulis, Jonas Klimantavičius, Valentina Plaušinaitienė, Virgaudas Kubilius, Martynas Skapas, Remigijus Juškėnas, Romualdas Navickas. Magnetoresistive properties of thin nanostructured manganite films grown by metalorganic chemical vapour deposition onto glass-ceramics substrate. Journal of materials science. ISSN 0022-2461. 2018, vol. 53, iss. 18, p. 12996-13009.
  13. Zigmas Balevičius, Andrius Paulauskas, Ieva Plikusienė, Lina Mikoliūnaitė, Mikhael Bechelany, Anton Popov, Arūnas Ramanavičius, Almira Ramanavičienė. Towards the application of Al2O3/ZnO nanolaminates in immunosensors: total internal reflection spectroscopic ellipsometry based evaluation of BSA immobilization. Journal of materials chemistry C. ISSN 2050-7534. 2018, vol. 6, iss. 32, p. 8778-8783.
  14. Eivydas Andriukonis, Almira Ramanavičienė, Arūnas Ramanavičius. Synthesis of polypyrrole induced by [Fe(CN)6]3− and redox cycling of [Fe(CN)6]4−/[Fe(CN)6]3−. Polymers. ISSN 2073-4360. 2018, vol. 10, iss. 7, art. no. 749, p. 1-12.
  15. Vitalijus Janickis, Neringa Petrašauskienė, Skirma Žalenkienė, Inga Morkvėnaitė-Vilkončienė, Arūnas Ramanavičius. Morphology of CdSe-based coatings formed on polyamide substrate. Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology. ISSN 1533-4880. 2018, vol. 18, iss. 1, p. 604-613.
  16. Kaušaitė-Minkštimienė Asta, Glumbokaitė Laura, Ramanavičienė Almira, Daukšaitė Elena, Ramanavičius Arūnas. An amperometric glucose biosensor based on poly (pyrrole‐2‐carboxylic acid)/glucose oxidase biocomposite. Electroanalysis. ISSN 1040-0397.2018, vol. 30, no. 8, p. 1642-1652.
  17. De Marchi F., Galeotti G., Šimėnas Mantas, Tornau, Evaldas, Pezzella A., MacLeod J., Ebrahimi M., Rosei F. Room-temperature surface-assisted reactivity of a melanin precursor: silver metal–organic coordination versus covalent dimerization on gold. Nanoscale. ISSN 2040-3364. 2018, Vol. 10, p. 16721-16729.
  18. Marta Reig, Gintautas Bagdžiūnas, Arūnas Ramanavičius, Joaquim Puigdollers, Dolores Velasco. Interface engineering and solid-state organization for triindole-based p-type organic thin-film transistors. Physical chemistry chemical physics. ISSN 1463-9076. 2018, vol. 20, no 26, p. 17889-17898.
  19. Mindaugas Gicevičius, Raimonda Celiešiūtė, Juzef Kučinski, Almira Ramanavičienė, Gintautas Bagdžiūnas, Arūnas Ramanavičius. Analytical evaluation of optical pH-sensitivity of polyaniline layer electrochemically deposited on ITO electrode. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. ISSN 0013-4651. 2018, vol. 165, iss. 14, p. 903-907.
  20. Megha A.Deshmukh, Gajanan A. Bodkhe, Sumedh Shirsat, Arūnas Ramanavičius, Mahendra D. Shirsat. Nanocomposite Platform Based on EDTA Modified Ppy/SWNTs for the Sensing of Pb(II) Ions by Electrochemical Method. Frontiers in chemistry. ISSN 2296-2646. 2018, vol. 6, art. no. 451, p. 1-11.
  21. Mindaugas Gicevičius, Gintautas Bagdžiūnas, Yasin Abduloglu, Almira Ramanavičienė, Ogun Gumusay, Metin Ak, Tugba Soganci, Arūnas Ramanavičius. Experimental and theoretical investigations of an electrochromic azobenzene and 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene-based electrochemically formed polymeric semiconductor. ChemPhysChem. ISSN 1439-4235. 2018, vol. 19, iss. 20, p. 2735-2740.
  22. Giedrius Sinkevičius, Algirdas Baškys. Investigation of piezoelectric ringing frequency response of beta barium borate crystals. Crystals. ISSN 2073-4352. 2019, vol. 9, iss. 1, art. no. 49, p. 1-10.
  23. Povilas Šimonis, Skirmantas Keršulis, Voitech Stankevič, Kamilija Sinkevič, Kristina Strigunienė, Gregoz Ragoza, Arūnas Stirkė. Pulsed electric field effects on inactivation of microorganisms in acid whey. International journal of food microbiology. ISSN 0168-1605. 2019, vol. 291, p. 128-134.
  24. Andrius Ibenskas, Mantas Šimėnas, Kasparas Jonas Kizlaitis, Evaldas Tornau. Trimesic acid molecule in a hexagonal pore: central versus noncentral position. Journal of physical chemistry C. ISSN 1932-7447. 2019, vol. 123, iss. 6, p. 3552-3559.
  25. Roman Viter, Maryna Savchuk, Nickolay Starodub, Zigmas Balevičius, Saulius Tumėnas, Almira Ramanavičienė, Daniels Jevdokimovs, Donats Erts, Igor Iatsunskyi, Arūnas Ramanavičius. Photoluminescence immunosensor based on bovine leukemia virus proteins immobilized on the ZnO nanorods. Sensors and actuators B: Chemical. ISSN 0925-4005. 2019, vol. 285, p. 601-606.
  26. Asta Inesė Rekertaitė, Aušra Valiūnienė, Povilas Virbickas, Arūnas Ramanavičius. Physicochemical characteristics of polypyrrole/(glucose oxidase)/(Prussian Blue)-based biosensor modified with Ni- and Co-hexacyanoferrates. Electroanalysis. ISSN 1040-0397. 2019, vol. 31, p. 50-57.
  27. Natalija German, Almira Ramanavičienė, Arūnas Ramanavičius. Formation of polyaniline and polypyrrole nanocomposites with embedded glucose oxidase and gold nanoparticles. Polymers. eISSN 2073-4360. 2019, vol. 11, iss. 2, art. no. 377, p. 1-13.
  28. Gintautas Bagdžiūnas, Arūnas Ramanavičius. Towards direct enzyme wiring: a theoretical investigation of charge carrier transfer mechanisms between glucose oxidase and organic semiconductors. Physical chemistry chemical physics. ISSN 1463-9076. 2019, vol. 21, iss. 6, p. 2968-2976.
  29. F. De Marchi, G. Galeotti, Mantas Šimėnas, P. Ji, L. Chi, Evaldas Tornau, Pezzella A., MacLeod J., Ebrahimi M., Rosei F. Self-assembly of 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid: polymorphism of a eumelanin building block on Au(111). Nanoscale. ISSN 2040-3364. 2019, vol. 11, iss. 12, p. 5422-5428.