Department of Electrochemical Material Science

Head of department  habil. dr. Rimantas Ramanauskas
phone +370 5 264 8844
Rimantas Ramanauskas

Mission: Application of electrochemical technologies and investigation methods for the fabrication and characterization of new functional materials. 
R&D activities: 
  • Alloying of light metals (Mg, Al, Ti) with hardly fusible ones (Zr, Ta, Nb, Cr,) using physical techniques; investigation of the structure, corrosion behaviour and applicability of the alloys as hydrogen storage or biodegradable materials
  • Formation of transparent conductive semiconductor layers by means of combining chemical and electrochemical methods and investigation of their performance in various photo/electrocatalytic reactions
  • Synthesis of new nanomaterials and investigation of their possible applications in future optoelectronics, smart materials engineering, energy conversion and nanomedicine
  • Formation of conversion coatings for active corrosion protection
  • Investigation of nanoparticles’ and chemical environment effects on the tribological processes in the development of multifunctional technologies for elastomer recycling, coating wear suppression and improvement of lubricant materials.

Services available
  • Expert assessment of corrosion damage and corrosion resistance in in accredited laboratory
  • Formation of thin coatings by the methods of magnetron sputtering and atomic layer deposition (ALD)
  • Electroplating of functional coatings of pure gold and other precious metals as well as their alloys
  • Determination of coating thickness, microhardness, surface roughness and coating adhesion
  • Lubricant technologies, rubber recycling, tribological studies of anodized aluminium coatings
DC and RF magnetron sputtering device Univex 350 (Leybold systems). The device is used for deposition of thin films of metals, metal alloys, oxides and composites on various substrates.
ALD device Fiji F200 with plasma module and ozone generator (Ultratech/Cambrige NanoTech). The device is used to deposit extremely thin oxide films (few to 100 nm) on various substrates.
Electrochemical measurement systems (Potentiostats/Galvanostats/Frequence analyzers) PARSTAT 2273 (Princeton Applied Research) with electrochemical quartz crystal microgravimetry (EQCM), Autolab 302 (Metrohm Autolab) with rotating disc electrode, Solartron 1280C (Ametek, inc.), Reference 600+ (Gamry instruments). Photoelectrochemical measurement system Zennium CIMPS (Zahner Elektrik). These systems are used for investigation of photoelectrochemical behavior and material characterization in electrolytic solutions for metals, alloys and semiconductors.

Ball-on-plate tribometer
CSM tribometer by Anton Paar (Switzerland) can be used to evaluate friction and wear tendencies under these conditions: pin-on-disc, ball-on-disc and ball-on-plate configurations; loads from 0.1 to 6 kg·f;  rotational velocity 0.5 to 500 rpm; linear reciprocation 0.3 to 3 Hz; ball diameters 1.5, 3, 6 or 10 mm; pin diameters 3 or 6 mm; dry friction, film lubrication or bulk lubrication. Profilometry and microscopy peripherals are available.


Pin-on-Disc tribotester
Micro PoD tribotester by Ducom (India) can be used to evaluate friction and wear tendencies under these conditions: pin-on-disc and ball-on-disc configurations; loads from 5 to 100 kg·f;  rotational velocity 50 to 500 rpm; angular reciprocation 0.5 to 5 Hz; ball diameters 3, 6 or 10 mm; pin diameters 3 or 6 mm; dry friction or film lubrication.  Profilometry and microscopy peripherals are available


Granulometric sieve shaker
Vibrational shaker plate Vibramax 100 by Heidolph (Germany) is equipped with standardized calibrated sieves of 20 cm diameter.  Granulometry can be determined in US Tyler Mesh scale: 10 Mesh (2 mm), 20 Mesh (0.85 mm), 40 Mesh (0.425 mm), 60 Mesh (0.25 mm), 80 Mesh (0.18 mm) and 100 Mesh (0.15 mm).  Specialized procedures of granulometry determination for rubber crumbs and powders.


Deep freezer Sanyo MDF-192 (Japan) for low temperature studies from -20°C to -85°C.  Chamber volume of 192 liters.


Corrosion cabinet
Forced draft and controlled humidity corrosion cabinet HCP-108 by Memmert (Germany). Linear corrosion (free of chlorides or other precursors) tests on steel and aluminum alloys can be performed from 30°C to 90°C by varying humidity from 20% to 95% RH.  Chamber volume 108 liters.

  • “Camelina & crambe Oil crops as Sources for Medium-chain Oils for Specialty oleochemicals“  (COSMOS)“ H2020-ISIB grant agreement 635405. Coordinated by Dr. Rolf Blaauw (Wageningen Univ., NL), from 1 April 2015 until 30 Sept 2019 the consortium of 18 members from 10 countries aims at reducing the dependence of Europe’s oleochemical industry on imported plant oils by turning camelina and crambe into profitable, sustainable, multipurpose, non-transgenic European oil crops. The total project budget exceeds 10 million €. FTMC team, headed by Dr. S.J. Asadauskas, focuses on chemical modification of camelina and crambe oils for producing lubricant basestocks for hydraulic fluids. Organic synthesis, degradation investigations, viscometric studies and tribological investigations are performed by L. Labanauskas, A. Grigucevičienė, D. Bražinskienė, A. Strakšys and other FTMC researchers.

  •  „New generation technology for tyre recycling using ozonation and devulcanization (OzoRubber)“ Eureka grant agreement E!9962. Coordinated by Ofer Vexler (Nizor Ltd, Israel) and Arturas Jukna (UAB Gumos Technologijos), from 1 Sept 2015 until 31 Aug 2016 the total project budget exceeded 200 thousand €. FTMC team, headed by Dr. S.J. Asadauskas, studied conversion of End-of-Life Tires into value added rubber powder by treating with ozonation and mechanochemical devulcanization.
Most important publications
  1. Skirmantė Butkutė, Edmundas Gaigalas, Aldona Beganskienė, Feliksas Ivanauskas, Rimantas Ramanauskas, Aivaras Kareiva. Sol-gel combustion synthesis of high-quality chromium-doped mixed-metal garnets Y3Ga5O12 and Gd3Sc2Ga3O12. Journal of alloys and compounds. ISSN 0925-8388. 2018, vol. 739, p. 504-509.
  2. Arvydas Survila, Stasė Kanapeckaitė, Laurynas Staišiūnas. Electrochemical processes in weakly acid solutions containing Cu(II)-glycine complexes. Electrochimica acta. ISSN 0013-4686. 2018, vol. 259, p. 1045-1052.
  3. Jurga Juodkazytė, Benjaminas Šebeka, Irena Savickaja, Vidas Pakštas, Arnas Naujokaitis, Asta Grigucevičienė. Study on charge transfer processes in thin-film heterojunction between cuprous oxide and hematite. Materials science in semiconductor processing. ISSN 1369-8001. 2018, vol. 80, p. 56-62.
  4. Eimutis Juzeliūnas, Derek J.Fray, Putinas Kalinauskas, Ignas Valsiūnas, Gediminas Niaura, Algis Selskis, Vitalija Jasulaitienė. Electrochemical synthesis of photoactive carbon-carbide structure on silicon in molten salt. Electrochemistry communications. ISSN 1388-2481. 2018, vol. 90, p. 6-10.
  5. Shannon Kaylie Stauffer, Linas Vilčiauskas. Computational study of chemical and electrochemical intercalation of Li into Li1+xTi2O4 spinel structures. Journal of physical chemistry. C. ISSN 1932-7447. 2018, vol. 122, iss. 14, p. 7779-7789.
  6. Jolanta Raudonienė, Andrius Laurikėnas, Meriyam M. Kaba, G.Sahin, Ayşe Uztetik Morkan, Dalia Bražinskienė, Svajus Asadauskas, R.Seidu, Aivaras Kareiva, Edita Garškaitė. Textured WO3 and WO3:Mo films deposited from chemical solution on stainless steel. Thin solid films. ISSN 0040-6090. 2018, vol. 653, p. 179-187.
  7. Aleksej Žarkov, Andrius Stanulis, Lina Mikoliūnaitė, Andrei N. Salak, Aivaras Kareiva. Organic-free synthesis of nanostructured SnO2 thin films by chemical solution deposition. Thin solid films. ISSN 0040-6090. 2018, vol. 649, no. 1, p. 219-224.
  8. Eglė Gražėnaitė, Vitalija Jasulaitienė, Rimantas Ramanauskas, Aivaras Kareiva. Sol-gel synthesis, characterization and application of lanthanide-doped cobalt chromites (CoCr2-xLnxO4; Ln = Tm3+ and Yb3+). Journal of the European ceramic society. ISSN 0955-2219. 2018, vol. 38, Iss. 9, p. 3361-3368.
  9. Katsiaryna Chernyakova, Igor Vrublevsky, Vaclovas Klimas, Arūnas Jagminas. Effect of Joule heating on formation of porous structure of thin oxalic acid anodic alumina films. Journal of the Electrochemical society. ISSN 0013-4651. 2018, vol. 165, no. 7, p. 289-293.
  10. Jurga Juodkazytė, Benjaminas Šebeka, Irena Savickaja, Vidas Pakštas, Arnas Naujokaitis, Asta Grigucevičienė. Study on charge transfer processes in thin-film heterojunction between cuprous oxide and hematite. Materials science in semiconductor processing. ISSN 1369-8001. 2018, vol. 80, p. 56-62.
  11. Remigijus Juškėnas, Zenius Mockus, Raimondas Giraitis, Algirdas Selskis, Giedrius Stalnionis, Stasė Kanapeckaitė, Audrius Drabavičius, Putinas Kalinauskas, Gediminas Niaura. Structural and photoelectrochemical characterization of Cu2SnSe3 thin films fabricated by electrochemical co-deposition and selenization. Journal of alloys and compounds. ISSN 0925-8388. 2018, vol. 767, p. 345-352.
  12. Dalia Bražinskienė, Irma Liaščukienė, Arvydas Stončius, Svajus Asadauskas. Ester basestock vaporisation from thin oil films. Lubrication science. ISSN 0954-0075. 2018, vol. 30, iss. 5, p. 189-205.
  13. Irma Liaščukienė, Dalia Bražinskienė, Asta Grigucevičienė, Antanas Strakšys, Svajus Asadauskas. Thin film testing of biodiesel degradation residues and their solubility. Fuel processing technology. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V. ISSN 0378-3820. 2018, vol. 180, p. 87-95.
  14. Aušrinė Zabielaitė, Aldona Balčiūnaitė, Irena Stalnionienė, Svetlana Lichušina, Dijana Šimkūnaitė, Jūratė Vaičiūnienė, Birutė Šimkūnaitė-Stanynienė, Algirdas Selskis, Loreta Tamašauskaitė-Tamašiūnaitė, Eugenijus Norkus. Fiber-shaped Co modified with Au and Pt crystallites for enhanced hydrogen generation from sodium borohydride. International journal of hydrogen energy. ISSN 0360-3199. 2018, vol. 43, iss. 52, p. 23310-23318.
  15. Kazimieras Mikulskis, Stasė Kanapeckaitė, Arvydas Survila. Voltammetric characterization of the lability of weak acids involved in the hydrogen evolution as proton donors. Journal of the Electrochemical society. ISSN 0013-4651. 2018, vol. 165, iss. 15, p. 3186-3191.
  16. Putinas Kalinauskas, Eugenijus Norkus, Zenius Mockus, Raimondas Giraitis, Remigijus Juškėnas. Electrochemical and photoelectrochemical characterization of Cu2SnSe3 thin films deposited on Mo/Glass substrates. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. ISSN 0013-4651. 2019, vol. 166, iss. 5, p. 3107-3111.
  17. Arūnas Jagminas, Vaclovas Klimas. Nanoporous and nanotubular anodic films on iron substrates. Synthesis and structure. Current nanoscience. ISSN 1573-4137. 2019, vol. 15, iss. 1, p. 27-41.
  18. Jurga Juodkazytė, Benjaminas Šebeka, Irena Savickaja, Milda Petrulevičienė, Skirmantė Butkutė, Vitalija Jasulaitienė, Algirdas Selskis, Rimantas Ramanauskas. Electrolytic splitting of saline water: Durable nickel oxide anode for selective oxygen evolution. International journal of hydrogen energy. ISSN 0360-3199. 2019, vol. 44, iss. 12, p. 5929-5939.
  19. Igor Vrublevsky, Katsiaryna Chernyakova, Renata Karpič, Arūnas Jagminas. Stored charge and its influence on properties of anodic alumina films. Current nanoscience. ISSN 1573-4137. 2019, Vol. 15, iss. 1, p. 100-109.
  20. Inga Morkvėnaitė-Vilkončienė, Darius Viržonis, Andrius Dzedzickis, Vytautas Bučinskas, Justė Rožėnė, Raimundas Vilkončius, Dainius Vaičiulis, Almira Ramanavičienė, Arūnas Ramanavičius. The improvement of the accuracy of electromagnetic actuator based atomic force microscope operating in contact mode and the development of a new methodology for the estimation of control parameters and the achievement of superior image quality. Sensors and actuators A: Physical. ISSN 0924-4247. 2019, vol. 287, p. 168-176.
  21. Jurgis Barkauskas, Lina Mikoliūnaitė, Ieva Paklonskaitė, Povilas Genys, Jūratė Jolanta Petronienė, Inga Morkvėnaitė-Vilkončienė, Almira Ramanavičienė, Urtė Samukaitė-Bubnienė, Arūnas Ramanavičius. Single-walled carbon nanotube based coating modified with reduced graphene oxide for the design of amperometric biosensors Materials science & engineering C: materials for biological applications. ISSN 0928-4931. 2019, vol. 98, p. 515-523.
  22. Aušra Baradokė, Jurga Juodkazytė, Ignas Masilionis, Algirdas Selskis, Rasa Pauliukaitė, Ramūnas Valiokas. Combined soft lithographic and electrochemical fabrication of nanostructured platinum microelectrode arrays for miniaturized sensor applications. Microelectronic engineering. ISSN 0167-9317. 2019, vol. 208, p. 39-46.
  23. Svetlana Lichušina, Laurynas Staišiūnas, Vitalija Jasulaitienė, Algirdas Selskis, Leinartas, Konstantinas. Capacitive properties, structure, and composition of porous Co hydroxide/oxide layers formed by dealloying of Zn–Co alloy. Journal of applied electrochemistry. ISSN 0021-891X. 2019, vol. 49, iss. 5, p. 503-515.